Meadow Flora - Transylvania - Romania

by Paul White RN FRGS - TWP Founder & Director

As part of TWP biodiversity surveying, the following photographs of flowers, grass and plants were taken on the fertile meadow lands surrounding the village of Ozsdola. These meadows provide nutritional grazing for local livestock and a rich and vital food supply for honey bees, insects and reptiles. These in turn attract a wide variety of birds and mammals. It is also common to see villagers picking flowers, herbs and plants for use in medicinal teas and syrups, local knowledge passed down through the generations.

Meadow flowers on Bear ridge

As insecticides have never been used on these meadows, bees do not have to fly far to feed and pollinate, leading to a rich and bio diverse environment. Every square metre of meadow provides an incredible abundance of flower and insect species, rarely seen in my native country of England. This stark comparison leaves little doubt in my mind that habitat loss directly equates to a decline in honey bee numbers, cross pollination and biodiversity.

Paul White photographing meadow flowers

The Transylvanian Wildlife Project is grateful to those readers which have assisted us in identifying many of the species listed below, providing a useful resource on Carpathian meadow flora. If you have any additional data that you believe would enhance this page further, please do not hesitate to contact me.


1. Latin name: Centaurea Cyanus
Common name: Cornflower
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor and Debby Simpson
Cross reference 1 + 2



2. Latin name: Thymus Praecox
Common name: Wild Thyme
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor and Debby Simpson
Cross reference 1 + 2


3. Latin name: Achilea Millefolium
Common name: Yarrow
Information supplied by: David Martins
Cross reference: 1 + 2


4. Latin name: Centaurea Jacea
Common name: Brown Knapweed
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor
Cross reference 1 + 2


5. Latin name: Agrostis Capillaris
Common name: Browntop, Common Bent
Information supplied by: Attila Lengyel
Cross reference: 1 + 2


6. Latin name: Trifolium Pratensis
Common name: Red Clover
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor & David Martins
Cross reference 1 + 2


7. Latin name: Lathyrus Tuberosus
Common name: Earthnut Pea
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor
Cross reference 1 + 2



8. Latin name:
Common name:
Information supplied by:
Cross reference:


9. Latin name: Calystegia Sepium
Common name: Hedge Bindweed
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor & David Martins
Cross reference: 1 + 2


10. Latin name: Arrhenatherum elatius
Common name: False oat-grass, Tall oat-grass, Tall meadow oat
Information supplied by: Attila Lengyel
Cross reference


11. Latin name: Galium Verum
Common name: Lady's Bedstraw
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor
Cross reference 1 + 2


12. Latin name: Ononis Spinosa
Common name: Spiny Rest Harrow
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor
Cross reference: 1 + 2


13. Latin name: Knautia Arvensis
Common name: Field Scabious
Information supplied by: Karen McKeown + Lee Dittmann
Cross reference: 1 + 2


14. Latin name: Tanacetum Vulgare
Common name: Tansy
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor & David Martins
Cross reference 1 + 2


15. Latin name: Vicia Cassubica
Common name: Vetch
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor
Cross reference 1 + 2


16. Latin name: Lotus corniculatus
Common name: Bird's Foot Trefoil
Information supplied by: Attila Lengyel
Cross reference: 1 + 2


17. Latin name: Campanula Patula
Common name: Spreading Bellflower
Information supplied by: Attila Lengyel
Cross reference: 1 + 2


18. Latin name: Dianthus Tenuifolius Schur (Caryophyllaceae)
Common name: Small Mountain Picotee
Information supplied by: Dr Camelia Maier  
Cross reference: 1 + 2


19. Latin name: Leucanthemum Vulgare
Common name: Ox-eye Daisy
Information supplied by: David Martins
Cross reference: 1 + 2


20. Latin name: Scabiosa ochroleuca
Common name: Cream pincushions
Information supplied by: Biró Zsolt
Cross reference: 1 + 2


21. Latin name: Senecio Jacobaea
Common name: Common Ragwort, Ragweed, Tansy Ragwort, Staggerweed, Stinking Willie
Information supplied by: David Martins
Cross reference: 1 + 2


22. Latin name: Cuscata
Common name: Dodder
Information supplied by: Lee Dittmann
Cross reference: 1+ 2


23. Latin name: Typha Latifolia
Common name: Cat tail, Reedmace, Bullrush
Information supplied by: Paul Bibby
Cross reference: 1 + 2


24. Latin name: Calamagrostis epigeios
Common name: Chee Reed Grass
Information supplied by: Attila Lengyel
Cross reference: 1 + 2


25. Latin name: Daucus carota
Common name: Wild Carrot
Information supplied by: Amy Kinsey
Cross reference


26. Latin name: Saponaria Officinalis
Common name: Soapwort
Information supplied by: Lee Dittmann
Cross reference: 1 + 2


27. Latin name: Polygonum Persicaria
Common name: Red Leg
Information supplied by: Lee Dittmann
Cross reference: 1 + 2


28. Latin name: Arctium Lappa
Common name: Great Burdock
Information supplied by: David Martins & Paul Bibby
Cross reference: 1 + 2


29. Latin name: Campanula Romanica
Common name: Romanian Bellflower
Information supplied by:
Cross reference: 1 + 2


30. Latin name:
Common name:
Information supplied by:
Cross reference:


31. Latin name: Frangula Alnus
Common name: Alder Buckthorn
Information supplied by: Tobias Weidenlener
Cross reference: 1 + 2


32. Latin name: Gypsophila muralis
Common name: Gypsy Rose
Information supplied by: Attila Lengyel
Cross reference: 1 + 2


33. Latin name: Phyteuma sp.
Common name: Rampion
Information supplied by: Tobias Weidenlener
Cross reference: 1 + 2


34. Latin name: Silene sp. ? Latifolia
Common name: White Campion
Information supplied by: Attila Lengyel
Cross reference


35. Latin name: Sambucus Racemosa
Common name: Red Elder
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor
Cross reference: 1 + 2


36. Latin name: Campanula glomerata
Common name: Clustered Bellflower
Information supplied by: Craioveanu Cristina
Cross reference: 1 + 2


37. Latin name:
Common name:
Information supplied by:
Cross reference:


38. Latin name: Verbascum Densiflorum
Common name: Denseflower Mullein
Information supplied by: Tobias Weidenlener
Cross reference


39. Latin name: Pilosella Aurantiaca
Common name: Fox-and-cubs, Orange Hawkweed, Tawny Hawkweed, Devil's Paintbrush, Grim-the-collier
Information supplied by: Tobias Weidenlener
Cross reference


40. Latin name: Viola tricolor
Common name: Heartsease
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor
Cross reference 1 + 2


41. Latin name: Centaurium erythraea
Common names: Common centaury - European centaury
Information supplied by: Rosemary Brookman
Cross reference


42. Latin name: Cichorium intibus
Common name: Chicory
Information supplied by: Ugron Ákos Gábor
Cross reference


43. Latin name: Securigera varia
Common name: Crown Vetch
Information supplied by: Attila Lengyel
Cross reference: 1 + 2


44. Latin name: Pseudolysimachion spicatum
Common name: Spiked Speedwell
Information supplied by: Attila Lengyel
Cross reference: 1 + 2


45. Latin name: Lysimachia Vulgaris
Common name: Yellow Loosestrife
Information supplied by: Attila Lengyel
Cross reference: 1 + 2


46. Latin name: Medicago sativa
Common name: Alfalfa
Information supplied by: Attila Lengyel
Cross reference: 1 + 2


47. Latin name: Asperula cynanchica
Common name: Squinancy Wort
Information supplied by: Attila Lengyel
Cross reference: 1 + 2

Thistle (Cirsium sp.)
48. Latin name: Cirsium sp.
Common name: Thistle
Information supplied by: Havadtői Krisztina
Cross reference

Wild Orchid
49. Latin name: Anacamptis morio
Common name: Green-winged orchid
Information supplied by: Lisa Stuart
Cross reference

Unknown species of wild flower
50. Latin name: Euphorbia cyparissias
Common name: Cypress Spurge
Information supplied by: Chris Thody
Cross reference

Unknown Specie of flower/plant. Can you help?
51. Latin name: Chamaecytisus hirsutus
Common name: Clustered Broom or Hairy Broom
Information supplied by: Emese Hlacs
Cross reference

Unknown specie of wild flower. Can you help?
52. Latin name: Veronica prostrata
Common name: Sprawling speedwell
Information supplied by: Chris Thody + Emese Hlacs
Cross reference

Unknown species of plant. can you identify?
53. Latin name: Cruciata glabra
Common name: Slender Crosswort
Information supplied by: Emese Hlacs & Attila Lengyel
Cross reference

Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus)
54. Latin name: Vaccinium myrtillus
Common name: Bilberry
Cross reference: 1 + 2 + 3

Unknown plant
55. Latin name: Sambucus ebulus
Common name: Danewort, Dane weed, Danesblood, Dwarf elder or European dwarf elder, Walewort, Elderwort and Blood hilder
Information supplied by: Julian Hoffman
Cross reference

Unknown plant
56. Latin name: Juniperus communis
Common name: Common Juniper
Information supplied by: Julian Hoffman
Cross reference: 1 + 2